Alkholvaner og forbruk blant nepalesiske kvinner: Konsekvenser for graviditet og barnas helse, vekst og utvikling.

Vitenskapelig tittel:
Alcohol consumption practice among Nepalese Women: Consequences on pregnancy and child health, growth and development in Nepal

It is a fact that alcohol during pregnancy is harmful for the mother as well as the developing fetus. Alcohol consumption by women of reproductive age is increasing. Several studies have shown that alcohol consumption during pregnancy is related to various risks for the fetus, which include Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), including Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). Maternal drinking may also influence the pregnancy outcome such as miscarriage, preterm labour, growth retardation and grossmalformation. Similarly, alcohol during pregnancy and lactation has detrimental effects on children’s milestone development. Many studies have been carried out, but very little research has taken place in Nepal. In the above context, this project aims to explore maternal alcohol consumption practice and its consequence in Nepal. This study begins with a nationally representative cross-sectional study to study the alcohol consumption pattern among Married Women of Reproductive Age (MWRA) including pregnant and postpartum mothers in Nepal. A total of 9000 MWRA will be included from 16 districts selected randomly from each of the eco-developmental regions. Women will be enrolled from a total of 100 clusters (Municipality/VDCs) from those districts representing all three ecological belts using probability proportion to size technique. The specific objectives are: 1. To describe the alcohol consumption practice among married women of reproductive age (prevalence, drinking patterns and belief, practice and perception regarding use of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy and postnatal period). 2. To determine the consequences of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. 3. To describe the alcohol consumption practice among postnatal and lactating mothers (alcohol content in breast milk, milestone development and sleeping pattern among exclusive breast fed infants of mothers consuming alcohol) 4. To determine the consequences of maternal alcohol consumption on early childhood growth and development (milestone development, 1 to 3 years and follow up to 7 years) 5. To find out the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome among children aged 6 to 7 years (assessment of IQ, cognitive development and behavioural function, as well as functionality of olfactory nerve among children (6 to 7 years) of mothers consuming alcohol) 6. To explore the factors associated with alcoholic liver disease among young adult (<40 years) The Study Population: • Women of reproductive age (15-49 years) including pregnant women • Exclusive breast feeding mothers and their children • Women giving birth at health facilities • 1 month to 3 years old children • 6 to 7 years children • Adult less than 40 years old admitted with chronic liver disease in hospital
(Redigert av REK)

Ref. nr.: 2014/1243 Prosjektstart: 17.04.2013 Prosjektslutt: 17.04.2018

Behandlingsstatus: Pågående
Prosjektleder: Babill Stray-Pedersen
Initiativtaker: Bidragsforskning
Finansieringskilder: Letten Foundation

Forskningsdata: Mennesker
Utvalg: Allmennbefolkning, Personer med mangelfull samtykkekompetanse
Forskningsmetode:: Både statistiske og fortolkende analysemetoder
Antall forskningsdeltakere (Norge): 0
Antall forskningsdeltakere (utlandet): 9000

Utdanningsprosjekt/doktorgradsprosjekt: Studium: Medicine, Nivå: PhD
Del av forskningsprogram: Alcohol consumption practice among Nepalese Women: Consequences on pregnancy and child health, growth and development in Nepal
Behandlet i REK
21.08.2014 REK sør-øst
11.02.2016 REK sør-øst